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Vasectomy (sterilization of male)

A vasectomy, often known as male sterilization, is a surgical technique used to cut or seal a man’s sperm tubes to prevent conception permanently.

It takes about 15 minutes and is typically performed under local anesthesia, leaving you awake but pain-free.

Rarely, a general anesthetic may be administered, putting you to sleep for the procedure.

Quick facts: information regarding vasectomy

• The vasectomy has an over 99% success rate.

• Since it is thought to be permanent, you won’t need to consider contraception in the future.

• It does not affect your desire for or enjoyment of sex. You won’t have sperm in your semen, but you will still ejaculate and experience erections.

• Because sperm will still be in the tubes leading to the penis after the procedure, you will need to utilize contraception for at least 8 to 12 weeks.

•Following the procedure, up to two semen tests are performed to ensure that all of the sperm have disappeared.

• Your scrotum, or ball sack, may get bruised, swollen, or painful. Some men experience persistent testicular pain.

•The risk of infection is there, just like with any surgery.

• It’s pretty challenging to undo, therefore

How it functions

The way a vasectomy operates is by preventing sperm from entering a man’s semen or ejaculate fluid.

A man’s testicles to the penis are connected by tubes that are either severed, obstructed, or sealed with heat.

This indicates that a woman’s egg cannot be fertilized when a man ejaculates since the semen is devoid of sperm.

The procedure for performing a vasectomy

Vasectomy surgery is a quick and mostly painless process. You’ll be able to go home that same day in most situations.

Two varieties of vasectomy exist:

• a no-scalpel vasectomy;

• a traditional vasectomy performed with a scalpel (surgical knife)

Whichever choice is best for you will be discussed with the vasectomy doctor.

Traditional vasectomy

Your scrotum is first made numb by the doctor using a local anesthetic. The tubes that transport sperm out of your testicles are then accessed by making two tiny incisions in the skin on either side of your scrotum (vas deferens).

Every tube is divided, with a tiny portion extracted. The tubes are then sealed at both ends, either with heat or by shutting them.

The wounds are sutured, typically using dissolveable sutures that dissolve in a week or so.

Scalpel-free vasectomy

Your scrotum is first made numb by the doctor using a local anesthetic. To access the tubes, they then create a tiny puncture hole on your scrotal skin. This implies that they are spared from making scalpel cuts on the skin.

After that, the tubes are shut or tied up, much like in a traditional vasectomy.

With this process, there is minimal bleeding and no need for stitches. Compared to a traditional vasectomy, it is believed to be less painful and less likely to result in problems.

Before choosing to get a vasectomy

Before approving the surgery, your doctor will inquire about your situation, provide information, and sometimes suggest counseling.

A vasectomy should only be considered if you are positive that you want no children at all or fewer than that.

Before making a decision, talk it over with your spouse if you have one. Obtaining your partner’s consent is not legally required, but you should both consent.

If you have children and are over 30, your chances of being approved for a vasectomy may increase.

However, if your general practitioner feels that it is not in your best interest, they have the right to decline to do the surgery or to refer you.

How much time will it take for me to get the operation?

The urologic specialists offer free vasectomy services in most of the United States. However, waiting lists vary in length based on the resident’s location.

For further information, see your doctor or inquire at the contraception clinic in your area. Vasectomy waiting lists can be lengthy; therefore, some men opt to pay to have the surgery done in private.

You can ask to see a male physician, but you might have to wait longer.

Recuperating from the procedure

After the vasectomy, it’s normal to experience some minor soreness, bruising, and swelling in the scrotum for a few days.

To assist, you can take pain relievers like paracetamol. If the discomfort persists despite using medicines, consult a doctor.

After a vasectomy, it’s normal to have blood in your semen during the first few ejaculations. This is safe to use.


Wear athletic support or tight-fitting underwear daily to support your scrotum and reduce any pain or swelling during the first few days. Ensure that your underwear is changed each day.

Personal cleanliness

After surgery, you can typically safely take a bath or a shower; see your doctor to determine which is best for you. Make sure you entirely and gently dry your genital area.

Going back to work

After a vasectomy, you can typically go back to work one or two days later. However, to minimize complications, you should avoid sports and heavy lifting for at least one week following the treatment. If your symptoms persist after a few days, consult a doctor.

Engaging in sexual activity

After a vasectomy, refrain from sexual activity for at least seven days.

It can take this long to eliminate the residual sperm in your tubes, so for the first eight to twelve weeks at least, you’ll need to use another kind of birth control.

Every male has a different time frame for this. Pregnancy is still a possibility at this time.

How can I tell whether my vasectomy was successful?

You will need to provide a sample of semen about 12 weeks following the surgery so that it can be checked for sperm.

You can cease taking supplemental contraception when the vasectomy is deemed successful and testing shows that your semen is free of sperm.

It can take two tests for some males. But utilize another method of contraception until it’s determined that your semen is clear of sperm.

Small amounts of sperm from a few guys may still be present in their systems, but they are not mobile and are not as likely to conceive your partner.

Your doctor will talk to you about your alternatives if you fall into this category of men.

In the few instances where the tubes spontaneously reunite, the test also aids in identifying those instances.

Who qualifies for a vasectomy?

A vasectomy should only be performed if you are sure you don’t want any more children at all. It should be viewed as permanent at all times.

This is due to the possibility that reversal may fail to be successful, even in rare cases. A successful operation could not make fathering a kid conceivable.

Benefits and drawbacks associated with vasectomy


Vasectomy is a more than 99% successful method of avoiding conception; it rarely has long-term health problems:

  • It doesn’t alter hormone levels or interfere with sex.
  • And it can be opted for as a less complicated and safer option than female sterilization.


Vasectomy complications include the following: a hard lump called sperm granulomas (caused by sperm leaking from the tubes), an infection, persistent testicle pain (which may require additional surgery), difficulty reversing the procedure (rarely covered by the Urologic-specialists), and the need to continue using contraception after the procedure until tests show your semen is free of sperm.

Rarely can the vas deferens tubes rejoin. Condom use may be necessary since vasectomy does not provide STI protection.

Frequently asked questions regarding vasectomy.

Can a single person have the operation?

Indeed. However, many surgeons are hesitant to perform surgery on someone under 30 years old in case their circumstances change, and they subsequently regret it.

Does it impact my desire for sex?

No. Your testicles will continue to generate testosterone, the masculine hormone, as they did before the procedure following a successful vasectomy.

You won’t experience any changes in your erection’s power, sensation, or drive. The absence of sperm in your semen is the only change. Sperm production occurs in your body but is reabsorbed into it unharmed.

Would being sterile have an emotional impact on me?

Having a vasectomy is a significant decision, so you should give it serious thought. You might feel pleased that you don’t have to consider contraception or the chance of getting pregnant again if you’re confident in your choice.

However, it might not be suitable for you if you are nervous or uncomfortable about the process or if you believe you would struggle to accept not being able to conceive.

Consult a general practitioner (GP) or a sexual health or contraception clinic specialist to discuss all of your options.

Is there a chance that a vasectomy could lead to cancer?

Men who have had vasectomy surgery may develop prostate cancer or testicular cancer. The data supporting the hypothesis that a vasectomy raises the risk of prostate cancer is insufficient. If you are worried, see a doctor.

Is it possible to reverse a vasectomy?

Reversing a vasectomy might be challenging. Reversing a vasectomy is typically not covered by urologic specialists. If you’d like, you can pay for it privately.

The timing of the vasectomy may influence the success rate of a vasectomy reversal. The likelihood of a successful reversal decreases with the time since it was completed.

Can I father a child through IVF?

You might be eligible to undergo IVF if you had a vasectomy and subsequently decide you desire a kid. To do this, a surgeon would remove sperm from your testicles and utilize it to fertilize the egg of your companion.

But IVF:

  • It isn’t always effective
  • The Urologic-specialists might not offer it
  • If done privately, it might be costly.

Can I keep sperm in a sperm bank for backup purposes?

You could; however, just like in vitro fertilization, sperm bank sperm cannot be guaranteed to result in pregnancy. It may also be costly.

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