A bladder prolapse cystocele, also known as a dropped bladder, occurs when a woman’s bladder drops from its normal positioning within the pelvis. This causes the bladder to push on the wall of the vagina, creating pressure and discomfort.
Normally, the bladder, uterus, and intestines are held in place by connective tissues and muscles on the pelvic floor. Sometimes, the pelvic floor endures too much pressure or becomes weak. This causes a bladder prolapse cystocele.
There are many potential causes for a bladder prolapse. The most common causes are childbirth and pregnancy. Additional causes include chronic coughing, lifting heavy objects, frequent constipation, and genetic pelvic floor weakness.
Mild and moderate cases can often be treated with non-surgical interventions. However, severe cases of bladder prolapse may require surgery to keep vital pelvic organs in their correct positions.