Overactive bladder, or OAB, is a condition in which the patient experiences frequent and sudden urges to urinate. Patients will often struggle to control these urges, feeling the need to urinate many times both during daytime and nighttime. The condition can also result in unintentional urination or incontinence.
The condition has many adverse effects on patients. It can negatively affect social life and emotional wellbeing. It will often carry feelings of embarrassment that can lead to prolonged social isolation to avoid embarrassment.
There can be many underlying causes of overactive bladder with varying treatments depending on the source. In many cases, behavioral changes are the most effective means for dealing with an overactive bladder.
Through careful control of fluid intake and urination habits, patients can regain some control over their lives. In other cases where the overactive bladder is a symptom of an infection or other condition, additional treatments may be available.