Vasectomy (male sterilisation)
What is Vasectomy?
Vasectomy is a very effective and impressive procedure of male sterilization. It involves the removal of a small part of the vas deferens from both sides with the insertion of tissue between the divided ends to stop them from re-connecting.
Vasectomy is indicated for men who don’t want to be the father of any child or any additional child, including if pregnancy may be dangerous or life-threatening for a partner. It may also be indicated for those who avoid passing on a genetic disorder, hereditary disease, or disability to the next generation.
Most of the modern contraceptive methods are for women. Generally, men have only two options of contraceptives.
Vasectomy is more effective than condom use. Vasectomies are considered the most effective procedure for birth control because it has a long-term success rate of over 99%.
Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. In male sterilization, the procedure is called a Vasectomy. Vasectomy is a safe procedure with some complications.
Sterilization is a very effective way to prevent pregnancy. Traditional methods of birth control for males are periodic abstinence, non-vaginal ejaculation, Condoms, and Vasectomy.
There are two main types of Vasectomy. These are given below:
- Conventional Vasectomy:
Conventional Vasectomy is performed by using a scalpel to make incisions in the scrotum. One or more incisions made in the scrotum can be used. The size of the incision is usually 1-3 cm long. In this procedure, no particular instrument is used. These incisions are closed by sutures. The complication rate of this procedure might be higher than the other vasectomy procedures.
- No-Scalpel Vasectomy:
No-scalpel is a minimally invasive procedure. This procedure uses a particular instrument to make smaller incisions in the scrotal skin.
No scalpel vasectomy incision is usually smaller than 10 mm. There is no need for a suture to close these smaller incisions.
The most used, complete, and convenient procedure is a no-scalpel vasectomy. A doctor performed this procedure by making small 1 or 2 incisions in the scrotal skin. After making incisions, the doctor can do the process to close or remove the segment of semen carrying tube called “Vas Deferens.”
For a week before surgery
Patients should avoid Aspirin for one week and products like (Ibuprofen, Naproxen – Advil, Aleve, etc) for a minimum of 48 hours before the procedure.
Talk to your doctor about any other medications you may be taking. The medicines that you may be asked to stop at least 1 week before the procedure are blood thinners such as Clopidogrel and Warfarin.
If you wish, you can take a prescription for oral anti-anxiety medication before the procedure.
On the day of surgery, you should wear comfortable clothes.
If you have a prescription for an anti-anxiety medication, you should take this medication 30 minutes before you arrive at the clinic. It is required that you have someone to drop you off at the clinic if you have taken the medication for anti-anxiety.
You may shave your scrotal hair before the procedure
The Vasectomy will be done by using a local anesthetic. You will be given a prescription for pain medication. In most cases, ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin) is sufficient to relieve discomfort two to three days after your Vasectomy.
Apply ice packs to the scrotum on the night of your Vasectomy.
Remove all the dressing after 24 hours of surgery except 1 gauze pad inside the athletic supporter.
Use a men’s athletic supporter for at least one week after the procedure.
Use clean 1-2 gauze pads for 3 days after surgery.
A small amount of blood is average. If you have excessive bleeding, then you may contact your surgeon. Then, change gauze pads 2-3 times daily.
You can take a shower after your Vasectomy. After the shower, clean and dry the incision site.
Avoid intercourse or ejaculation for one week after the procedure. Ejaculation may cause discomfort in the groin area.
You can resume your routine after 48 hours of surgery. Avoid jogging and weight lifting for 7-10 days after Vasectomy.
Absorbable sutures are used to close the incisions. There is no need to remove the sutures after the procedure.
- Fever and chill
- Swelling, redness, bleeding, or discharge from incision sites.
- Pain while urinating
- Unbearable discomfort
- Pain can’t be relieved with medication
Benefits of Vasectomy
Vasectomy is more effective than other procedures.
It is reliable birth control, preventing unwanted pregnancy.
There is no need for general anesthesia for the procedure of Vasectomy.
The risks associated with this procedure are lower than the other tubal ligation procedures.
The cost of the procedure is lower than the different birth control forms.
It is just a time cost of birth control
No effect on sexual pleasure.
It is a speedy procedure resulting in quick recovery. The patient can resume his routine work after 48 hours.
The procedure is almost always reversible. If the patient changes his mind, he can reverse the process anytime.
Recovery after a vasectomy is speedy. You will need rest after 24 hours of surgery. Then, you can resume your daily light activities. But you can not do jogging or weight lifting for at least one week after the procedure. Avoid sexual activities like intercourse and ejaculation at least one week after surgery.
The risks of Vasectomy are usually minor and can be treated with medication like bruising, swelling, bleeding, pain, and infection after the procedure.
Questions about Vasectomy
- How effective is a vasectomy?
Vasectomy is more effective than other procedures of birth control. It is 99.9 % effective.
- How safe is a vasectomy?
Vasectomy is a safe procedure with minor risks and complications which can be treated symptomatically.
- What can I expect if I have a vasectomy?
If you had a Vasectomy, you may have pain, bruising, and swelling in the area of the incision.
You should follow the instructions of your doctor.
Wear an athletic supporter for one week.
Take plenty of rest.
Use an ice pack to reduce the pain and swelling.
Do only light activities until you heal.
- How do I get a vasectomy?
If you want to get Vasectomy. You can visit our website for booking, or you can call our clinic office number
- What are the benefits of Vasectomy?
Vasectomy is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
It doesn’t affect your hormones.
It does not affect your sex drive.
It is a significantly safer and easier method than other female sterilization procedures.
- What happens to a man when he gets a vasectomy?
Nothing happens to a man after getting a vasectomy, only some complications that can be treated symptomatically with medication.
- What are the disadvantages of male Vasectomy?
Vasectomy is a safe procedure.
Vasectomy reversal may not bring your fertility back.
It can’t prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
. Can I get pregnant if my husband had a vasectomy?
Vasectomy is the most effective procedure of birth control due to its long-term success rate of over 99%. Only 1-2 women out of 1000 end up pregnant within a year of their partner receiving a vasectomy.
- How painful is a vasectomy?
The procedure of Vasectomy shouldn’t be painful itself. However, the pain remained for 1 week after the procedure.
- Does a vasectomy change a man’s behavior?
No vasectomy never changes the man’s behavior, nor may it change sexual activity or any other activities.
- How do I prepare for a vasectomy?
Avoid Aspirin for one week and aspirin-like products, ibuprofen, naproxen-Advil, Aleve, etc., for a minimum of 48 hours before your procedure. Take anti-anxiety medication on the prescription of your doctor.
- Why wait 10 days after Vasectomy?
It is advised to wait for 7-10 days after Vasectomy before having sex or masturbating. It may help the person avoid irritated tissues already swollen and sensitive.
Vasectomy and Male Contraception in the Future
New techniques are being investigated as male contraceptive research develops. One of them is Vasalgel, which differs significantly from Vasectomy because it is intended to be reversible. Vasalgel is a long-acting, non-hormonal contraceptive.
In the same tubes that are severed during a vasectomy, the vas deferens and vassalage are injected. The gel prevents sperm from passing through while allowing other fluids to do so, minimizing any possible back-pressure on the sperm-producing organs. The gel may be flushed out with another injection if a guy decides he wants to resume sperm production.
Although promising, Vasalgel and other innovative methods of male contraception are still in the experimental stages. The most dependable and efficient method of long-term male contraception is still a vasectomy.
In conclusion, getting a vasectomy is a big decision that has to be well thought through and discussed with a doctor. We at Urologic Specialists of Northwest Indiana are dedicated to giving you the knowledge and encouragement to choose the best treatment for you and your family.